Focus and Scope

Bladder (ISSN 2326-9901) is an international, open-access journal committed to publishing top-quality peer-reviewed articles describing basic laboratory, translational, and clinical investigations in the broad fields of bladder biology and diseases, including benign and malignant conditions. Subject areas covered by Bladder include, but are not limited to: anatomy, embryology, development, physiology, neurophysiology and diseases of the bladder and its neighboring organs such as the urethra, ureter, seminal vesicle and pelvic floor.

Types of Papers

Research articles are peer-reviewed full length reports describing original clinical, translational and/or laboratory investigations.

Brief reports are peer-present timely and highly innovative original observations of immediate impact.

Reviews are peer-reviewed articles that aim to provide a timely, comprehensive and insightful overview of a research topic within the scope of the journal.  

Mini reviews offer a brief and focused summary of recent insights or advances in specific research topics within the scope of the journal.

Case reports are peer-reviewed and should present clinically novel and well-documented cases of general interest and educational value to the practitioner.  .

Perspectives are expert views and opinions on issues of importance to basic research and clinical practice.

Research highlights are short commentaries on one or more recently published journal articles that report novel and significant findings and interest the readers of Bladder. Research highlights are usually commissioned from leading experts in a particular field. 

Letters to the Editor are short essays that comment on articles published in the journal up to 3 months after the publication of the articles.


Section Policies

Brief Reports

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Research Articles

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Case Reports

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Mini reviews

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Research highlights

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Letters to the Editor

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed


Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

Bladder is committed to providing authors with fast, constructive and fair reviews. At submission, authors are encouraged to suggest editorial members and referees who have the expertise needed to judge the paper. Submitted papers will be first evaluated by the Editors-in-Chief or Associate Editors to determine whether they should be reviewed by at least two external referees based on scientific merit and technical quality of the papers. Submissions determined not to be reviewed by the editors will be returned to authors and will in general not be considered again unless substantial revision has been made. Resubmitted papers will be considered as new submissions. Peer-review decisions include: acceptance, acceptance after revision, reconsideration after revision, or rejection. We aim to offer a fast publication schedule while maintaining rigorous peer review. The goal is to inform authors of a decision within 3 weeks of submission.


Publication Frequency

Individual articles will be published as soon as they are ready and will be added to the "current" volume's Table of Contents.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



Archive in PubMed Central

To comply with the policies of funding agencies, such as the NIH in the USA, the Wellcome Trust and the Research Councils in the UK, and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in Germany, upon publication, Bladder will deposit articles in PubMed Central.

This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Editorial Policies

Manuscripts are considered with the understanding that the (1) it is not under consideration by another journal or any electronic medium; (2) no part of the work has been published previously in print or electronic format. Any manuscript that contains any data that have been submitted for publication elsewhere will not be considered under any circumstance.


The corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all appropriate contributors are listed as authors and that all authors have agreed to the manuscript’s content and its submission to Bladder. Authors should follow guidelines set in Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication, updated in 2010 ( “Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3.” To be qualified as an “author”, a person should have made substantive intellectual contributions to the submitted work, including 1) substantial contributions to conception and design; 2) to data acquisition, analysis and interpretation; 3) drafting or revising the manuscript for important intellectual content; 4) the approval of the final version.

In a case where we become aware of an authorship dispute, authorship must be approved in writing by all of the parties.

Competing Interests

Bladder requires all authors to disclose any financial and personal conflict of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. Authors must declare any such conflict during submission process and in the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript. The corresponding author will be asked to sign on behalf of all the authors a Conflict of Interest declaration form upon acceptance of their paper. Any affiliation associated with a payment or financial benefit exceeding $10,000, or 5% ownership of a company, or research funding by a company with related interests would constitute a conflict and must be declared.

Studies Involving Human Subjects and Animals

For manuscripts reporting studies involving human subjects, statements identifying the committee approving the studies and confirming that informed consent was obtained from all subjects must appear in the appropriate section. All experiments on live vertebrates or higher invertebrates must be performed in accordance with relevant institutional and national guidelines and regulations. In the manuscript, a statement identifying the committee approving the experiments and confirming that all experiments conform to the relevant regulatory standards must be included.