Focus and Scope

BLADDER (ISSN 2326-9901) is an international, open-access journal committed to publishing top-quality peer-reviewed articles describing basic laboratory, translational, and clinical investigations in the broad fields of bladder biology and diseases, including benign and malignant conditions. Subject areas covered by BLADDER include, but are not limited to: anatomy, embryology, development, physiology, neurophysiology and diseases of the bladder and its neighboring organs such as the urethra, ureter, seminal vesicle and pelvic floor.


Section Policies

Brief Reports

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Research Articles

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Case Reports

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Mini reviews

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Research highlights

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Letters to the Editor

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed


Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

BLADDER is committed to providing authors with fast, rigorous, constructive and fair reviews.  BLADDER uses single blind peer review, where reviewers remain anonymous. The peer review process is made up of several stages.

Initial Quality Check

The journal staff performs an initial quality check to ensure minimum formatting requirements stated in Author Guidelines are met. At this stage, we also check for potential issues such as competing interest and incompliance with editorial policies and ethical standards.

Initial Assessment

Once the manuscripts have passed the quality check, they will be initially evaluated by the Editors-in-Chief or Deputy Editor to determine whether they should be sent out for review by external referees based on scientific merit and technical quality of the manuscripts.  If the manuscripts are out of scope or fall short of scientific standards set by BLADDER, they may be rejected outright without being reviewed any further.

External Review

Manuscripts that successfully go through the initial assessment will be assigned to a subject expert in our team of Editors to oversee the review process. At least three external referees will be invited and assigned the manuscript based on their expertise. At submission, authors are encouraged to suggest editorial members and at least five potential reviewers who are qualified to provide an independent assessment of the manuscript. Authors should not suggest colleagues who work in the same institution as themselves or recent collaborators. In the cover letter, authors may also identify individuals who should be excluded as a reviewer and give the reason for the exclusion. External peer reviewers typically have 14 days to submit their reviews.

Submissions determined not to be reviewed by editors will be returned to authors and will in general not be considered again unless substantial revision has been made. Resubmitted papers will be considered as a new submission. For peer-reviewed papers, a decision of either acceptance, acceptance after revision, reconsideration after revision, or rejection will be made by editors based on the evaluation of referees.  The handling editor sends a decision email to the corresponding author along with reviewers’ comments.


If a manuscript has been determined to be acceptable pending major revision, the authors will have 30 days to revise their manuscript unless extension request is granted by the editor.


It is typical that multiple rounds of reviews may be needed for authors to address concerns raised by reviewers. When all issues have been satisfactorily addressed, the handling editor will issue an editorial accept and the manuscript is ready to move on to production phase.

Pre-submission inquiries are welcome but not required if authors would like to find out if their paper is suitable for publication in Bladder before submitting a full manuscript for peer review.


Publication Frequency

Individual articles will be published as soon as they are ready and will be added to the "current" volume's Table of Contents.


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



Archive in PubMed Central

To comply with the policies of funding agencies, such as the NIH in the USA, the Wellcome Trust and the Research Councils in the UK, and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in Germany, upon publication, Bladder will deposit articles in PubMed Central.

This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Article Types

BLADDER publishes the following types of papers.

Research articles are peer-reviewed full length reports describing original clinical, translational and/or laboratory investigations.

Brief reports are peer-present timely and highly innovative original observations of immediate impact.

Reviews are peer-reviewed articles that aim to provide a timely, comprehensive and insightful overview of a research topic within the scope of the journal.  

Mini reviews offer a brief and focused summary of recent insights or advances in specific research topics within the scope of the journal.

Case reports are peer-reviewed and should present clinically novel and well-documented cases of general interest and educational value to the practitioner.  .

Perspectives are expert views and opinions on issues of importance to basic research and clinical practice.

Research highlights are short commentaries on one or more recently published journal articles that report novel and significant findings and interest the readers of Bladder. Research highlights are usually commissioned from leading experts in a particular field. 

Letters to the Editor are short essays that comment on articles published in the journal up to 3 months after the publication of the articles.


Studies Involving Human Subjects and Animals

For manuscripts reporting studies involving human subjects, statements identifying the committee approving the studies and confirming that informed consent was obtained from all subjects must appear in the appropriate section. All experiments on live vertebrates or higher invertebrates must be performed in accordance with relevant institutional and national guidelines and regulations. In the manuscript, a statement identifying the committee approving the experiments and confirming that all experiments conform to the relevant regulatory standards must be included.


Informed Consent

Informed consent is required for manuscripts reporting studies involving human subjects. Identifying information, including names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication.


Conflict of Interest Policy

BLADDER requires all authors to disclose any financial and personal conflict of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. Authors must declare any such conflict during the submission process and in the section following author affiliations of the manuscript. The corresponding author will be asked to sign on behalf of all the authors a Conflict of Interest declaration form upon acceptance of their paper. Any affiliation associated with a payment or financial benefit exceeding $10,000, or 5% ownership of a company or research funding by a company with related interests would constitute a conflict and must be declared.


Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statements

BLADDER follows the COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, and the Code of Conduct for Journal Publishers outlined by ICMJE.

The following responsibilities outlined for editors, authors, reviewers, and the publisher are based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (COPE 2011).

Editor’s responsibilities

Confidentiality: The BLADDER editorial team will not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, editorial board members, and the publisher. The identities of the peer reviewers must be kept confidential.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript shall not be used by an editor or an editorial board member for their own work without written consent of the author. Editors must refrain themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships with any of the authors, companies or institutions associated with the manuscripts.

Fair ReviewBLADDER editors evaluate submitted manuscripts according to their intellectual content (impact, originality, validity, and clarity) and its relevance to the journal's scope, without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, political philosophy or institutional affiliation of the author(s).

Involvement and Cooperation in Investigations: BLADDER editors will take responsive measures to assess all allegations or suspicions of research, publication, or other academic misconduct raised by readers, reviewers, or other editors. Such misconduct may include but is not limited to plagiarism, duplicate or redundant publication, and unethical publishing behavior. BLADDER editors follow the COPE recommendations when dealing with cases of suspected misconduct.

Publication Decisions:  BLADDER editors ensure that all submitted manuscripts undergo initial review by in-house editors and peer-review by at least two external reviewers who are expert in the field before they are accepted for publication. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which manuscripts submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers, and the reviewers' comments. The Editor-in-Chief may consult with other editors or reviewers in making the editorial decision. Based on the reports provided by peer reviewers, the editors can accept, reject, or request revision to the manuscript.

Authors’ responsibilities

Acknowledgement of Sources: Authors should acknowledge the work of others and properly cite publications that have been influential in research work.

Authorship of the Paper: Authorship should be given to those who have made a signification contribution to conception, design, execution, or interpretation and writing of the reported study. For individuals who have participated in other aspects of the reported study, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors in the “Acknowledgments” section of the manuscript.  The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript prior to submission.

Data Access and Retention: Authors should be prepared to provide raw data related to their manuscript if requested for editorial review and should be prepared to make the data publicly available and ensure accessibility of such data for at least 10 years after publication, provided that the legal rights concerning proprietary data do not preclude their release.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: Authors should disclose any conflicts of interest (COI) that might influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. Examples of COI include financial ones such as honoraria, educational grants or other funding, participation in speakers' bureaus, membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest, and paid expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements, and non-financial ones such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs in the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript.

Disclosure of Financial Support: Any sources of financial support or funding for research and writing must be clearly disclosed including the grant number or other reference number, if any.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works: Authors have the obligations to report to the editor immediately to retract or correct the article at any time if the authors(s) discovers a significant error in submitted manuscript.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: Authors must confirm that the manuscript is not currently being considered for publication elsewhere. Submitting manuscripts describing the same research to more than one journals constitutes unethical publishing behavior.

Originality: Authors must ensure that their work is original. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Protection of Human and Animal subjects: If the work involves the use of animals or human subjects, the authors should ensure that all procedures were performed in compliance with relevant regulations and institutional guidelines and approved by the appropriate institutional committee(s). Authors should also state in the manuscript that formed consent was obtained for experimentation with human participants.

Reporting Standards:  Authors should accurately present their original research as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Authors must follow the submission guidelines.

Reviewers’ responsibilities

Acknowledgement of Sources: Manuscript reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in the research. Any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other manuscript (published or unpublished) of which they have personal knowledge must be immediately brought to the editors’ notice.

Confidentiality:  Reviewers must keep all manuscripts received confidential.

Conflict of Interest: Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the manuscripts. Any conflicts of interest that might compromise the integrity of the peer review process, the reviewer must inform the editor of this situation and decline the invitation to serve as a reviewer.

Contribution to Editorial Decisions: Reviewers are expected to assist the editors in making editorial decisions and assist the author in improving the manuscripts.

Promptness: Any invited reviewer who feels it is impossible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within assigned time should notify the editor so that alternative reviewers can be contacted.

Standards of Objectivity: Reviews must be done objectively, and the reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments so that the authors can use them for improving the manuscript.

Publisher’s responsibilities

Access to Journal Content: The publisher is committed to the permanent availability and preservation of scholarly research and ensures accessibility by partnering with organizations and maintaining our own digital archive. For details on BLADDER's archiving policy, please visit

Handling of Unethical Publishing Behavior: In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, the publisher, in close collaboration with the BLADDER editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question including the publication of an erratum, clarification or the retraction of the affected work.


Advertising Policy

  1. The journal welcomes advertisements of products and services that are directly related to biomedical research and publishes such as advertisements on its website for a fee.
  2. All advertisements are subject to the approval of the journal which reserves the right to reject or cancel any advertisement at any time.
  3. Readers must be able to tell immediately what is advertising and what is editorial material on the journal's website.
  4. Editorial material shall never be influenced by advertising.
  5. The journal does not endorse any of the advertised company, product, or service.
  6. All advertisements at the journal's website are served on a random basis and are not targeted to any specific article or any specific user or groups of users.
  7. Advertisers bear full responsibility for all information contained in promotional items published in the journal and its accuracy.
  8. Advertisers are responsible for any losses that may be sustained by the journal because of the placement of advertising materials, including due to reclamations or libel actions, breach of confidentiality, copyright infringement and plagiarism.